Welding defects and discontinuities can form due to several reasons. This is the reason maintenance is a key factor. But considering the metal components, these complications can still arise. Therefore, to meet the quality of the production, understanding the welding discontinuities and defects is very important. Even though both terms sound similar but they are actually quite different in industrial language.
When a material component lacks in physical, mechanical or metallurgical harmony it is called welding discontinuity. Well, this can be demonstrated in terms of:
- Joint penetration or incomplete fusion
- Varied porosity
- Subtle cracks & tears
- Unacceptable profiles
Any developed discontinuity is welding defect. When the discontinuity furnishes a weld incompetent or lowers the quality, it is known as welding defect. Defects increases the risk of using the product which soon meet with major accidents in the industrial workspace.
A Preventive Method
To prevent such kind of welding defects or discontinuity it is crucial to hire a certified non-destructive testing company in Melbourne. They are experts in understanding the conformity of the material component to prevent major accidents in the long run. Also, they are skilled in performing a range of NDT which includes, coating inspection, AICIP pressure vessel inspection, metallurgical testing and many.
The major differences between discontinuities and defects
- Well, the definition of discontinuities and defects is depended on the type of industry. However, there are some general explanation to understand the difference between discontinuities and defects.
- Any weld becomes a defect when a certified welder or the inspection team rejects the welding process and blacklists the product.
- Before tagging a product as defect the inspection team provide a defined list of acceptable discontinuities with the list of number or type of discontinuities.
- In the case of a discontinuity it can survive a field test but a defect won’t.
- If the discontinuities stay within the acceptable production error margin they can be ignored easily, while in the case of defects, they must be repaired. However, if the defect cannot be repaired, the product simply get rejected.
Whether it’s a defect or a discontinuity, it’s important to conduct with an NDT expert to properly understand the differences between a weld defect and discontinuity. Even the simplest imperfection can compromise the quality and safety of the industry.